3.en.09 War and Conflict

We have learned how children use drawings to tell their experience of war.


Click on the image below to learn how making these drawings has helped them:


We have already discussed what the causes of conflict and war might be. In this interactive map developed by IRIN you can locate on going conflicts and wars. IRIN is a Swiss based non-profit organization with a website devoted to wars and conflicts. Click on the image of the map to access the site:

You couls also use the interactive map from Global Conflict Tracker to find out more about ongoing conflicts in the world. Click on the image below:

Now, listen to this you tube video and identify in the map the 10 active wars that are mentioned.

2.en.08 Living in a City

We have learn a lot about people migrating to other countries, but is anything changing within countries as regards where people prefer to live?

In fact, it seems that more and more people are moving from rural into urban areas.

Watch the video about the situation in China https://www.youtube.com/embed/KNXg-kYk-LU?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=en&autohide=2&wmode=transparent

Task 1 Answer the following questions:

1 How many people have left rural areas to seek work?

2 What were the reasons why people left rural areas?

3 What are the negative aspects of migration?

4 What has happened to the wealth gap over time?

5 What changes has Shenzhen seen since 1978?

6 How do GDP values of coastal regions compare to GDP of western countries?

Now, explore the link below to discover what is happening in rural areas:

Task 2

1 Find a definition of the following key concepts:



2 Write down the most significant impact of rural to urban migration for rural areas

Stories of emigration

It seems that very soon most of the world’s population will be living in urban areas. What makes them so attractive? Find out more by clicking on the image below. You’ll find some personal stories from people that have emigrated to a city. Your teacher will assign one of them and read you’ll have to his/her story.

Task 3

You need to note down:

  1. Name and age
  2. Place of origin
  3. Reasons to leave her / his hometown.
  4. Positive and negative aspects of living in a city.
conceptual miniature urban planet showing a congested city modern lifestyle and transport, isolated with clipping path

Growing cities

Is urban growth similar in all countries? Does urban population grow faster in rich and developed countries? What are the causes of urban growth? Click on the image below:

urban growth

Task 4. Answer the following questions:

a) find definitions for: urbanisationlife expectancyinfrastructure

b) One of the problems of fast urban development are shanty towns. What are these? Name two problems people living there must face.

c) In Curitiba – Brazil, they have solved the problem of urban growth with some sustainable measures, name two of them,

In some countries urban growth in much faster than in others. Find out by clicking in the two images below:


Now you are going to use the data from The World Bank to explore how urban population has changed in the last years:

World bank

Click on the map to see what the changes have been in the last decades:

Urban development map

Choose a country in each continent. What percentage of its population lives in cities?

Big urban areas have changed considerably in the last 60 years. Click on the map below and see what the changes have been:

Urban Map


In fact, today most people seem to prefer living in urban areas, so that some cities have grown so much that they have become bigger than some countries. We call them megacities. Find out more in the following video: https://www.youtube.com/embed/_jnMivEZ8gc?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=en&autohide=2&wmode=transparent

Do you know any of these megacities? Have you ever visited one? Would you like to live in one of them?

Watch the video to learn  about the fastest growing megacities: https://www.youtube.com/embed/6w93-evj-d0?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=en&autohide=2&wmode=transparent


Now it’s your turn to explore and learn a bit more.

In small groups (3 or 4 people) teachers will assign you a Megacity.

Use the Internet to find information about:


  • Country (developed or developing?)
  • Number of inhabitants
  • Population density
  • Growth in the last 30 / 20 / 10 years
  •      Infrastructures
  • Means of public transport (in and out; within)
  • Health and education facilities (hospitals, universities, …)
  • Main economic sectors (factories, services, administration, …)
  • Landmarks & Monuments
  • Green areas: parks, gardens
  •    Main problems
  • housing problems, pollution, lack of education or health services…

2.en.06 People on the move: Talking about Migrations


Hi everyone! We’ve been travelling together since the beginning of the school year, haven’t we?  However, here we are  again, on the move, forced to pack. This time for a different reason, not just for pleasure. Unfortunately, current news are an endless source of information about people who are forced to leave their countries and settle elsewhere. News about people trying to reach Europe keep on hitting the headlines.

Why do people migrate?

What are the push and pull forces that make people move?

How do they feel about leaving their belongings behind?

What do they take with them?

We shall start this term with an old suitcase full of  memories from distant lands. What do all these stories have in common? Well, you’ll  need to find out.  They were compiled by the New York Times a couple of years ago. We hope you’ll find them inspiring.

Homework: Read one of the 12 stories and take notes in your notebook. Try to remember as much as you can to share with your classmates.

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The check list below so you’ll know what to focus on in order to remember from what you read. They will also help you comment the stories with your classmates.

  1. How long have they been in the USA?
  2. Why did they leave their country?
  3. How old are they?
  4. What is their job?
  5. What did they do in their country of origin?
  6. Do they regret moving to the States?
  7. Do they give any details on their background and family life before they emigrated?
  8. What are their plans for the future?
  9. What is the object they have chosen to keep? 
  10. Why is it valuable for them?
  11. Use the interactive map to check the number of people who emigrate to the USA. Compare with other destinations

It’ll be interesting to know the country of origin and the conuntry of destination of all these migrants. You can use the Global Migration Map or the Global Migration Stock map to find out. Just click on the images below. 

Now, you’ll have to do a bit of research about migrations. Choose three different countries and look for the number of immigrants they receive and where these come from. Also, choose other 3 countries and find out where do their national emigrate to and in what numbers.  You should add extra information about the country of origin and the reasons for leaving their country.


What things make people move from their country of origin?

Anuncioshttps://c0.pubmine.com/sf/0.0.3/html/safeframe.htmlINFORMA SOBRE ESTE ANUNCIOPRIVACIDAD

Have a look at this video to learn about some issues related to international migration movements:https://www.youtube.com/embed/lOZmqIwqur4?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=en&autohide=2&wmode=transparent

In the video they have commented on the importance of the amount of money immigrants send to their countries of origin.

This is called remittance money. We are going to explore what quantities are sent from country to country in an interactive map. Just click on the map below:

Now we are going to explore the site of the Grout Museum of History & Science, so we are going to learn about immigration in Grout, Iowa (US). Click on the photo below to start:

immigrants in us

When today we listen to stories of people escaping from their countries massively, some countries have decided to build walls at their borders in order to stop these poeple from getting in.

However, these kind walls are not something of the present. Do you know of any old walls that separated countries?

Great Wall China
Berlin wall

Have you heard about Mr. Trump and his plans of building a wall at the border with Mexico? For centuries walls have been built to try stop people from moving across borders.

Have a look at the three articles below:

  • Choose one of the walls and find out:
  1. The two countries it separates
  2.  Its length
  3. The time it was built
  4. Its efficiency

Daily Mail

The Economist

Washington Post

I am a migrant

Today we are going to explore the lives of different migrants:


You must visit the website “i am a migrant”, where you will find hundreds of stories of migrants. Read two of the stories of people from the same countries you researched before.

Click on the image below:

In your notebook note down as much as possible of the following:

  • Name and age (if possible)
  • Country of origin and current country
  • How the person travelled (alone, with family)
  • How long they have lived in the new country
  • Job or occupation in the new country
  • Reasons for emigrating (push and pull factors)
  • What is their life like in the new country
  • Impressions of the new country

Now, be ready to share this information with your classmates.

Watch the video below and learn Nuha and Mohammed’s story about relocation to Spain:

History of Immigration in the US

Now we are going to explore the site of the Grout Museum of History & Science, so we are going to learn about immigration in Grout, Iowa (US). Click on the photo below to start:

immigrants in us

1.en.05 Planning a trip

Planning a Trip


Now you are all ready to start planning your group trip. Split up into small groups of 3 or 4 people and work out a plan for your trip.

The group will have to create a presentation in Google drive containing a maximum of 7 slides, each of them containing visual support for every aspect of your trip: transport, accomodation, food, equipment, activities, budget, …

The features of your trip are:

1. Name of the trip: Choose a catchy slogan for your trip. What makes your trip interesting and unique?
2. Team: Introduce the members of your travel adventure. What makes them special? What are their strong points? What will they be responsible for?
3. Destinations: Why? What makes that destination attractive? (We have chosen to…)

You must visit three different destinations in at least two different continents
4. Length of the trip: The trip shouldn’t last more than 2 weeks. Be realistic and think of concrete dates. (We’ll leave on the…; we’ll be back on the … )

5. Means of transport: Your trip should include at least 3 different means of transport.
Why have you chosen them? (We’ll travel/we’ll be travelling)
6. Equipment:will you need any special equipment ?
7. Accommodation /food: You must plan in advance. What kind of accomodation you will be staying in; hotel, campsite, bungalow, … Are there any typical dishes you would like to try?

8. Activities: You must decide on at least one activity to do in each destination. You can include visits (museums, landmarks, monuments, …); excursions (to places of interest, hikes, …), sport or recreational activities (scuba diving, sailing, parachuting, …)
9. Budget: Make an estimate of the money you will need per person/per day. You must split your budget into travelling expenses, accomodation, cost of activities and others (food, …).
10. Sources: What are the sources you used to plan your trip?


Click on the link below to get a copy of the guidelines for your presentation

Planning a trip. Guidelines

11. Postcard: Don’t forget to include a final slide with a postcard for your classmates!!!!!!!

You can learn about writing postcards in the next post click HERE

There’s several websites that will help you:

Travel checklist

Tips to make the oral presentation attractive:

• Power point slides are meant to provide visual support. You can include a short video, a
map, photos, charts
• Only important data should be included in the slides.
• You must not read.
• Be enthusiastic. Trap your audience attention.
• Only include images and information you can explain and identify.
• Speakers must use the power point images, charts, videos to support what they are saying.

1.en.02 Travelling

What is your favourite way of travelling? Do you like travelling fast or do you prefer to take your time and enjoy the journey?

Have a look at the words below; Are they all familiar to you?

Do the words travel, trip, journey, voyage or tour refer to the same thing? Click on the image below to find out.

How many different means of transport have you been able to identify? How many of them have you ever travelled by?

Now, let’s have a look at a short fims about the developments in transport.

Try to identify the different means of transport showed in the film:https://www.youtube.com/embed/qbJ1YdVq5Us?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=es&autohide=2&wmode=transparent


How would you describe a journey? Would it make any difference if you travelled by plane or boat, or train or spaceship? What could you say about the experience? How you feel; What you see.

Listen to a poem by a famous English author, Robert Louis Stevenson. In the poem he describes a train journey, recalling memories from his childhood:https://www.youtube.com/embed/BIyMMIMXI7M?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=es&autohide=2&wmode=transparent

The poem was told by Michael Rosen, a famous poem and story teller. If you liked it, you could visit his youtube channel here:

Now, let’s look at the words. How many lines can you recite by heart?

From a railway carriage

Another Train Poemhttps://www.youtube.com/embed/ibvr7Jba7G4?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=es&autohide=2&wmode=transparent