2.en.08 Living in a City

We have learn a lot about people migrating to other countries, but is anything changing within countries as regards where people prefer to live?

In fact, it seems that more and more people are moving from rural into urban areas.

Watch the video about the situation in China https://www.youtube.com/embed/KNXg-kYk-LU?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=en&autohide=2&wmode=transparent

Task 1 Answer the following questions:

1 How many people have left rural areas to seek work?

2 What were the reasons why people left rural areas?

3 What are the negative aspects of migration?

4 What has happened to the wealth gap over time?

5 What changes has Shenzhen seen since 1978?

6 How do GDP values of coastal regions compare to GDP of western countries?

Now, explore the link below to discover what is happening in rural areas:

Task 2

1 Find a definition of the following key concepts:



2 Write down the most significant impact of rural to urban migration for rural areas

Stories of emigration

It seems that very soon most of the world’s population will be living in urban areas. What makes them so attractive? Find out more by clicking on the image below. You’ll find some personal stories from people that have emigrated to a city. Your teacher will assign one of them and read you’ll have to his/her story.

Task 3

You need to note down:

  1. Name and age
  2. Place of origin
  3. Reasons to leave her / his hometown.
  4. Positive and negative aspects of living in a city.
conceptual miniature urban planet showing a congested city modern lifestyle and transport, isolated with clipping path

Growing cities

Is urban growth similar in all countries? Does urban population grow faster in rich and developed countries? What are the causes of urban growth? Click on the image below:

urban growth

Task 4. Answer the following questions:

a) find definitions for: urbanisationlife expectancyinfrastructure

b) One of the problems of fast urban development are shanty towns. What are these? Name two problems people living there must face.

c) In Curitiba – Brazil, they have solved the problem of urban growth with some sustainable measures, name two of them,

In some countries urban growth in much faster than in others. Find out by clicking in the two images below:


Now you are going to use the data from The World Bank to explore how urban population has changed in the last years:

World bank

Click on the map to see what the changes have been in the last decades:

Urban development map

Choose a country in each continent. What percentage of its population lives in cities?

Big urban areas have changed considerably in the last 60 years. Click on the map below and see what the changes have been:

Urban Map


In fact, today most people seem to prefer living in urban areas, so that some cities have grown so much that they have become bigger than some countries. We call them megacities. Find out more in the following video: https://www.youtube.com/embed/_jnMivEZ8gc?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=en&autohide=2&wmode=transparent

Do you know any of these megacities? Have you ever visited one? Would you like to live in one of them?

Watch the video to learn  about the fastest growing megacities: https://www.youtube.com/embed/6w93-evj-d0?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=en&autohide=2&wmode=transparent


Now it’s your turn to explore and learn a bit more.

In small groups (3 or 4 people) teachers will assign you a Megacity.

Use the Internet to find information about:


  • Country (developed or developing?)
  • Number of inhabitants
  • Population density
  • Growth in the last 30 / 20 / 10 years
  •      Infrastructures
  • Means of public transport (in and out; within)
  • Health and education facilities (hospitals, universities, …)
  • Main economic sectors (factories, services, administration, …)
  • Landmarks & Monuments
  • Green areas: parks, gardens
  •    Main problems
  • housing problems, pollution, lack of education or health services…

1.en.05 Planning a trip

Planning a Trip


Now you are all ready to start planning your group trip. Split up into small groups of 3 or 4 people and work out a plan for your trip.

The group will have to create a presentation in Google drive containing a maximum of 7 slides, each of them containing visual support for every aspect of your trip: transport, accomodation, food, equipment, activities, budget, …

The features of your trip are:

1. Name of the trip: Choose a catchy slogan for your trip. What makes your trip interesting and unique?
2. Team: Introduce the members of your travel adventure. What makes them special? What are their strong points? What will they be responsible for?
3. Destinations: Why? What makes that destination attractive? (We have chosen to…)

You must visit three different destinations in at least two different continents
4. Length of the trip: The trip shouldn’t last more than 2 weeks. Be realistic and think of concrete dates. (We’ll leave on the…; we’ll be back on the … )

5. Means of transport: Your trip should include at least 3 different means of transport.
Why have you chosen them? (We’ll travel/we’ll be travelling)
6. Equipment:will you need any special equipment ?
7. Accommodation /food: You must plan in advance. What kind of accomodation you will be staying in; hotel, campsite, bungalow, … Are there any typical dishes you would like to try?

8. Activities: You must decide on at least one activity to do in each destination. You can include visits (museums, landmarks, monuments, …); excursions (to places of interest, hikes, …), sport or recreational activities (scuba diving, sailing, parachuting, …)
9. Budget: Make an estimate of the money you will need per person/per day. You must split your budget into travelling expenses, accomodation, cost of activities and others (food, …).
10. Sources: What are the sources you used to plan your trip?


Click on the link below to get a copy of the guidelines for your presentation

Planning a trip. Guidelines

11. Postcard: Don’t forget to include a final slide with a postcard for your classmates!!!!!!!

You can learn about writing postcards in the next post click HERE

There’s several websites that will help you:

Travel checklist

Tips to make the oral presentation attractive:

• Power point slides are meant to provide visual support. You can include a short video, a
map, photos, charts
• Only important data should be included in the slides.
• You must not read.
• Be enthusiastic. Trap your audience attention.
• Only include images and information you can explain and identify.
• Speakers must use the power point images, charts, videos to support what they are saying.

1.en.04 Going on a trip

Have you ever wondered how difficult it is to get ready for a trip? We are going to try to ease the process by looking at the steps we must take.

My Luggage

1st What kind of luggage should I take? Look at the pic, can you name the different types of luggage in it?

Luggage numbered big

Click on the image below if you would like to know more about different types of luggage:

What would you think of a piece of luggage you could travel on? Have a look at the ultimate travel gear:

The Scooter Luggage !


2nd Now you can decide what type of luggage suits your best depending on the trip you are going to make. You ony need to pack. Maybe you could learn a lesson from a famous character, Mr. Bean!

Needless to say we should learn a better way of packing. See what an expert has to tell us. Watch this video from Heathrow Airport.


The weekend

Listen to two friends talking about their plans for the weekend. Then, answer the comprehension questions.


1.en.03 The Longest Train Journeys



What are the world’s longest train journeys?

We are going to explore the longest distances you can cover on a train journey.

Ready for the journey?

Click on the pics and find out:

Look for information about three different long train journeys and note down the following information:

a) Distance covered in kilometres (miles?)

b) Place of departure and arrival

c) Time length of journey

d) Passenger or cargo train?

e) Which one is the cheapest journey? and the most expensive?


Train travellers’ experiences

What do train travellers in India tell us about their experiences? Are the experiences similar?

Click on the pics below and learn what a train journey could be like:

Rounak’s story


Ed Hanley’s story


We need to have a closer look at the way these two travellers have told their experiences. Click on the link below:


La exposición oral consistirá en retratar con palabras un rostro humano.

Lee abajo el modelo de retrato con palabras


Características del CTNL


Aquí tienes una lista de adjetivos que te pueden ayudar para tu descripción:


Revisa con detenimiento esta galería de fotos y elige una que te motive, cuya personalidad te resulte impactante o atractiva porque entonces será más fácil la descripción:


En este enlace tenéis los criterios para evaluar la exposición oral:

1.es.19. Preparo mis exámenes

1.es.19. Preparo mi examen

Posted on  by adelacamara

Fecha 04 diciembre



1.es. 14. Antítesis

1.es. 09. La personificación

1.es.16. La metáfora


1.es.08. Detectives de las palabras.


1.es.18. Clasificamos las palabras


1.es.18. Clasificamos las palabras

1.es. 08. Detectives de las palabras

1.es.09. La rosa de los vientos I

1.es.09. La rosa de los vientos II

En nuestro listado de vocabulario


1.es,09. La rosa de los vientos I


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